The Securities and Exchange Commission’s so-called “Merrill Lynch rule” was overturned in a 2-1 decision released Friday morning by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in Washington.
The decision is a big win for the Financial Planning Association of Denver, which challenged the SEC when it issued its rule in 2005 exempting brokerage firms that charge asset-based fees from investment advisory regulations under specified conditions.
The ruling, written by Judge Judith Rogers for herself and Judge Brett Kavanaugh, said the SEC exceeded its authority by exempting brokerage firms that charge asset-based fees from regulation under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
“The rule is inconsistent with the IAA,” Judge Rogers wrote, because it fails to meet the law’s requirements for exemptions.
Under that law, she wrote, brokers can only be exempt from advisory regulation if they do not receive “special compensation” for giving advice.
Charging asset-based fees means they must register as advisers.
“No… indicators of congressional intent support the SEC’s interpretation of its authority,” Judge Rogers wrote.
Judge Merrick Garland, who dissented, said that the SEC’s interpretation of the IAA was reasonable, and courts are bound by legal precedent to give government regulators the benefit of the doubt in interpreting the law.
The ruling is “very straightforward,” and a “clean decision,” commented David Tittsworth, executive director of the Investment Advisers Association in Washington.
“This is throwing the rule out.”
The decision opens the door for Congress to re-examine the securities laws in light of changes that have taken place in the industry since those laws were enacted in the Depression era.
“It looks to me like Congress probably will need to get into this fray to sort it out,” Mr. Tittsworth said.
“This rule should have died a quick and merciful death six years ago,” said FPA President Nicholas A. Nicolette.
“It would not be the best use of taxpayer dollars to prolong a policy that is contrary to the public interest.”