Proposals swirling around Washington that would relax minimum-distribution rules for retirement plans are drawing a skeptical response from advisers.
"It becomes a tax break for people who don't need it," said Jeffrey Kostis, president of JK Financial Planning Inc., a Vernon Hills, Ill., advisory firm.
"Withdrawal amounts are not that huge unless you have seven-digit IRAs," said Mr. Kostis, who does hourly financial planning and does not manage assets.
Republican presidential nominee John McCain has called on the Department of the Treasury to suspend Internal Revenue Service rules that require an estimated 4.5 million individual retirement account holders to start withdrawing their funds — and paying tax on the withdrawals — at age 701/2 or be fined a 50% penalty. Under the McCain plan, the tax penalty would be suspended in 2008 and 2009, and taxes would be deferred until assets such as stock were sold.
Democratic nominee Barack Obama has called for allowing people to withdraw up to 15% of their retirement funds, to a maximum of $10,000, without paying the 10% tax penalty for early withdrawals this year or next. Income taxes would have to be paid on the withdrawals.
In addition to the candidates' proposals, House Education and Labor Committee Chairman George Miller and Rep. Robert Andrews, D-N.J., have called for the Treasury Department to suspend tax penalties for those not taking their required minimum distributions. The congressmen also plan to push legislation that would exempt seniors who had up to $200,000 in retirement ac-counts from mandatory minimum distributions.
"You're in a distressed situation right now," Mr. Andrews said. "Compelling someone to make a sale when it's not in their best interest is not fair."
But many advisers say the proposals are not well-suited for people who are in financial need.
"It sounds good," said Jeremy Portnoff, president and chief compliance officer of Portnoff Financial LLC, a Westfield, N.J.-based advisory firm that manages about $3 million. "Everybody is going to say, 'That's great; they're trying to help seniors,'" he said.
However, the proposals to suspend minimum-distribution penalties help primarily "those seniors who don't need to take the money," Mr. Portnoff said. "Allowing them to postpone [taking a distribution is] great for the wealthy. For the people who need to be drawing off of their retirement accounts, that's what they're doing already. Suspending the rules makes no difference."
Mr. Obama's proposal is also a bad idea, he said. "It just makes it that much easier for people to tap these accounts. The penalty is there to discourage people from taking early distributions from their retirement accounts. It will probably negatively impact them more in the future," Mr. Portnoff said.
"I want that money to be taxed on principle," said Morris Armstrong, referring to the proposals to suspend penalties for not taking required minimum distributions.
"They're trying to appeal to older people by reducing taxable income," said Mr. Armstrong, owner of Armstrong Financial Strategies, an advisory firm in Danbury, Conn., that manages about $10 million. "The government needs taxes. It's not like we're running huge surpluses."
The situation for retirement account withdrawals is also being misrepresented, said Ed Slott, a certified public accountant and president of an eponymous firm in Rockville Centre, N.Y., that trains advisers on IRA rules.
"They're scaring a lot of seniors, saying: "If we don't suspend the rules, you're going to be forced to sell your stock," said Mr. Slott, who also is an InvestmentNews columnist.
"That's absolutely not true. You don't have to sell your stocks just because you are subject to required minimum withdrawals," he said. Holders of IRAs and 401(k)s who come under the minimum-required-distribution requirements are free to take cash, or stock could be withdrawn and not sold as long as taxes are paid on its value, Mr. Slott said.
Some advisers welcome the prospect of relaxing required withdrawals from retirement accounts. "I could not agree with that more," said Marc Schindler, a partner in Pivot Point Advisors LLC, a Bellaire, Texas, advisory firm that manages about $25 million.
"If somebody has the wherewithal to pull money out of a regular account as opposed to an IRA, I think that's wonderful," he said.
"People will be delighted," said Marcy Schilling, principal of Schilling Group Advisors LLC in Dresher, Penn., which manages $10 million.
Many people have enough income to live on from pensions, Social Security and other savings and investments, she said. "So many people would like very much to spend as little as possible and leave it for their children," Ms. Schilling said.
The Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association of New York and Washington supports allowing delayed distributions, SIFMA spokesman Travis Larson wrote in an e-mail. "Given the changes in life expectancy, it makes more sense to update and delay the age of the required minimum distribution, which hasn't changed since 1974," he wrote.
Proposals to change the retirement account withdrawal system have been considered over the past decade, but they could never get off the ground because of their expense, said Ed Ferrigno, vice president of Washington affairs for the Profit Sharing/401k Council of America, a Chicago-based organization that represents employers who offer defined contribution plans. Estimates of the cost of the new proposals were not available.
Mr. Ferrigno expects to see similar proposals included in any economic-stimulus package that congressional Democrats are talking about enacting after the election. "The bottom line is, it's bad retirement policy," he said of required distributions. "It's tax policy."
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