Stephen Schwarzman, chairman of the world’s largest private-equity firm, will host a fundraiser for Mitt Romney at his Park Avenue apartment next month, a sign that the Republican presidential candidate is closing the sale with Wall Street’s wealthiest donors.
The event marks Schwarzman’s inaugural step to help Romney secure the Republican presidential nomination, according to a person familiar with Schwarzman’s plans who spoke on condition of anonymity. He will follow up with efforts to persuade colleagues in the financial industry to get behind Romney’s bid, the person said.
Backing from Schwarzman, co-founder of Blackstone Group LP and a longtime Republican donor, may open doors for Romney with other contributors as the field of Republican candidates remains crowded with a little more than five weeks before the first nomination contest.
“Steve Schwarzman is one of the top fundraisers on Wall Street, and this will help the Romney campaign, not only for the actual fundraising he will do, but the signal it sends to other fundraisers that Wall Street leaders believe Romney is very likely to be the nominee,” said Steve Duprey, who was a senior adviser to Republican John McCain’s presidential campaign in 2008.
Critical of Obama
Schwarzman, who gave $4,600 to McCain once the Arizona senator had secured the Republican presidential nomination four years ago, has been critical of President Barack Obama’s stance toward Wall Street. In August 2010, he compared the administration’s efforts to double taxes on the income of private-equity firms such as his to “when Hitler invaded Poland in 1939,” according to a New York Post account of a private meeting. He later apologized for the comparison while maintaining his criticism of the tax proposal.
Romney and Schwarzman both made their fortunes in private equity, and they came of age during the leveraged buyout movement in the 1980s. As head of the private equity firm Bain Capital LLC, Romney was the lead deal-maker, buying and selling companies to make money for investors. He spent most of his business career at Bain, and in 2007 estimated his wealth at as much as $250 million.
While Romney is consistently among the top choices of Republican voters in national polls, other candidates, including former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, businessman Herman Cain and Texas Governor Rick Perry, have risen to challenge Romney for front-runner status. Gingrich received a boost yesterday with the endorsement of New Hampshire’s Union Leader newspaper, the largest in the state where the first primary will be held on Jan. 10, one week after the Iowa caucuses.
Romney, a former governor of Massachusetts, is leading the Republican field in fundraising; he collected $32 million through Sept. 30, according to the most recent financial disclosure reports. The next closest candidate, Perry, raised $17 million.
Schwarzman, through Blackstone spokesman Peter Rose, declined to comment.
Obama has struggled this year to raise cash from the financial industry, his campaign’s biggest backer in 2008. He raised $1.6 million through Sept. 30 from securities and investment industry employees and their families. By comparison, Romney has brought in $3.6 million, according to the Center for Responsive Politics, a Washington-based research group that tracks political giving. Four years ago, Obama raised $16 million from Wall Street.
One of Obama’s biggest Wall Street fundraisers in 2008, David Heller, the co-head of securities sales and trading at Goldman Sachs Group Inc., isn’t raising money for the president this cycle, according to a person familiar with Heller’s plans. The person requested anonymity to discuss the challenges Obama faces raising money on Wall Street.
At least 100 former Obama contributors, mostly investors, have given to Romney’s 2012 campaign, according to a Bloomberg analysis of data from the Center for Responsive Politics.
Obama, who has the backing of organized labor, has criticized the financial industry for its opposition to tougher regulations and has called for the wealthy to pay higher taxes. He also has expressed sympathy with the Occupy Wall Street protests, saying in an Oct. 6 news conference the demonstrators were “giving voice to a more broad-based frustration about how our financial system works.”
‘Give Something Up’
In an interview with Bloomberg Television April 25, Schwarzman said that every income group except the “very poor” should have to “give something up” to reduce the federal deficit.
Organized labor groups have targeted hedge funds and buyout firms, calling for greater scrutiny by regulators and higher taxes for private equity managers. In 2007, the AFL-CIO, the nation’s largest labor federation, urged the Securities and Exchange Commission to force Blackstone to register as an investment company before an initial public offering, which would require greater disclosure.
“One of the biggest election issues for any private equity firm is the issue of carried interests,” Brandon Rees, deputy director of the AFL-CIO office of investments, said. “As unions sponsor pension funds, we have a concern that private equity firms and their principals be taxed on a level playing field. So any conflict with labor and Schwarzman is because we’re on opposite sides of the carried interest issue.”
An Obama campaign official indicated that Wall Street’s cooling on Obama will be a point of populist appeal.
“It’s no surprise that Mitt Romney, who has made letting Wall Street write its own rules again the first tenet of his economic platform, is attracting the support of others who disagree,” said Obama campaign spokesman Ben LaBolt.
While not confirming Schwarzman’s endorsement, a representative of Romney’s campaign said Obama’s policies are driving supporters to him.
“To the extent anyone is supporting Mitt Romney over President Obama it is because of the state of the economy and the president’s failure to create jobs,” Andrea Saul, a campaign spokeswoman, said in an e-mail.
With the unemployment rate stuck at 9 percent and growth still sluggish after the worst recession in seven decades, the question of who can best manage the recovery will be central in the general election. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Financials Index has tumbled 13 percent in November to lead the S&P 500’s 7.6 percent slide.
Still, Obama isn’t lagging in fundraising. He reported raising $88 million through Sept. 30, exceeding his record fundraising pace of four years ago.
Unlike Obama, Romney is facing a nomination fight, and fundraisers like Schwarzman, 64, will be important to sustaining his campaign.
“The key resource for that kind of fight is money,” Duprey said. “Those who have it can fight in the later contests,” he said. “Those who don’t, can’t.”
While the Blackstone chairman wasn’t a major fundraiser for McCain in 2008 and didn’t become involved in the campaign until later in the process, according to Duprey and financial disclosure reports, he collected more than $100,000 for President George W. Bush’s 2004 re-election campaign.