A Seattle investment adviser who was formerly chairman of the National Association of Personal Financial Advisors took $47.7 million of client money and secretly invested it in two technology companies that he or his firm owned, according to a 23-count federal indictment announced on Thursday.
Mark Spangler, 57, was indicted by a federal grand jury on charges that include investment adviser fraud, wire fraud and money laundering, U.S. Attorney Jenny Durkan said.
“The Department of Justice is making the prosecution of financial fraud a top priority,” said Ms. Durkan. “These investors lost millions to a man they trusted to safeguard their resources.”
The Securities and Exchange Commission also disclosed on Thursday that it had filed a civil suit against Mr. Spangler.
Mr. Spangler was chairman of NAPFA, whose members consider their fee-only model to be the gold standard for unbiased advice, in 1998. In a statement, the group called the charges “severe” and said the allegations against Mr. Spangler “have been deeply concerning.”
“NAPFA strongly condemns the actions contained in the FBI indictment and SEC complaint and any behavior that violates the public trust,” the association said in a statement Friday. “In any organization, there are members or former members who act in unethical ways. Organizations like ours exist in part to set standards that promote ethical behavior.”
The association suspended Mr. Spangler's inactive membership in October when the FBI investigation was launched.
The SEC said Mr. Spangler told clients he would invest primarily in publicly-traded securities, but instead used their money to fund two startup companies, one of which is now bankrupt, the Securities and Exchange Commission said in its civil complaint.
“For an investment adviser to put his self-interest above the best interests of his clients is a disturbing abuse of trust,” said Marc Fagel, director of the SEC's San Francisco regional office.
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In the indictment, six investors said Mr. Spangler and his firm, The Spangler Group Inc., told them their money was invested in publicly traded companies and in bonds. Mr. Spangler provided them with misleading statements and then could not give clients any funds when investors asked to liquidate their holdings, the indictment said.
Between 2003 and 2011, Mr. Spangler is accused of investing $42 million of his clients’ money in TeraHop Networks Inc., a Georgia manufacturer of wireless devices, which has since ceased operations, and $5.7 million in Tamarac Inc., a Seattle firm that was recently acquired by Envestnet Inc. and is well known among advisers for its portfolio management software.
Mr. Spangler helped found Tamarac in 2000 and until 2011, was its chairman, according to the SEC and criminal complaint.
In a statement, Envestnet/ Tarmarac, as the firm is now known, said that Mr. Spangler never participated in the management of the company and no longer has any financial interest in the firm. “Despite the disturbing news of Mr. Spangler’s actions at the outset of Tarmarac’s founding, the firm has emerged as a successful venture,” read the statement.
Mr. Spangler's attorney, Jon Zulauf at Zulauf & Chambliss Law Offices in Seattle, did not return calls for comment.
This is actually the second high-profile investigation of a former NAPFA officer. In 2009, the SEC charged James Putman, who served as NAPFA's president in 1996 and 1997, with accepting about $1.24 million in kickbacks related to unregistered investment pools.
The assets of his firm, Wealth Management LLC in Appleton, Wis., eventually were frozen, and the firm later went into receivership.