A broker has been charged by Finra for lying to a Native American tribe about the $11 million in commissions he charged when he sold the tribe $190 million in nontraded real estate investment trusts and business development companies.
From June 2011 to January 2015, the broker, Gopi Krishna Vungarala, “regularly lied to his customer, a Native American tribe, regarding investments he recommended,” according to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority Inc. complaint.
Mr. Vungarala served as the unnamed tribe's registered rep as well as its treasury investment manager, according to the complaint, which was filed on Thursday. He “fraudulently induced the tribe to invest hundreds of millions of dollars in nontraded REITs and BDCs, without revealing he and his firm received commissions for the sales (usually 7%) or the availability of certain volume discounts.”
According to the Finra complaint, the tribe bought $190.4 million of illiquid REITs and BDCs and were charged $11.4 million in commissions, which went to his broker-dealer Purshe Kaplan Sterling Investments. Mr. Vungarala was paid $9.6 million – or 84.3% - of those Purshe Kaplan commissions.
The client was overcharged $3.4 million in commissions, according to the Finra complaint, which was also filed against Purshe Kaplan. The firm's supervisory failures prevented it from detecting and halting Mr. Vungarala's fraudulent conduct, according to Finra.
When told of the charges on Friday afternoon, Mr. Vungarala said that he “had not received any notice of this yet and [I] vigorously deny any allegations."
David Purcell, a partner at Purshe Kaplan, did not return phone calls on Friday to comment.
Finra's complaint lists four causes of action, including the misrepresentation and omission of a material fact in connection with the sale of securities; the failure to disclose to the client that it was eligible to receive volume discounts; the failure to supervise Mr. Vungarala's dual relationship with the tribe; and the failure to supervise the sale of nontraded REITs and BDCs for the application of volume discounts.
“In order to induce the tribe to make these purchases, notwithstanding the tribe's prohibition against conflicts of interest, Vungarala falsely represented to (the tribe) that he would not receive any commissions on purchases of the nontraded REITs and BDCs made in the tribe's (Purshe Kaplan) account,” according to the complaint. Vungarala also allowed tribal leaders to believe Purshe Kaplan would not receive any commissions on these transactions, according to the complaint.
Mr. Vungarala sold REITs and BDCs from a number of leading sponsors, according to the complaint.