IRA Alert

Ed Slott

How to help millennials avoid big mistakes with their IRAs

Steer young investors away from these common moves that can have a significant negative impact in retirement

Feb 14, 2017 @ 2:47 pm

By Ed Slott

Millennials need retirement help. They're making critical IRA mistakes that will cost them exponentially over time. They need human advisers, not just robo-advisers who offer no guidance. Advisers can tap into the millennial IRA market through existing clients who will want their children and grandchildren building their own retirement savings with an adviser they already trust.

It's true that these are generally not big ticket clients, but they can be with your help and they can refer others to you, not to mention the goodwill and deeper connection you'll build with your clients (their parents and grandparents). Don't ignore this opportunity to plant seeds for their future and yours. Advisers can get millennial clients on the right savings track early and help them avoid common millennial IRA mistakes that can have a significant negative impact in retirement.

It's likely that younger individuals will not have a pension when they retire. They'll need to save as much as possible in retirement plans, both employer plans and IRAs, to fund a comfortable retirement.

Open a Roth IRA for them. Younger workers often make the mistake of not knowing how important it is to have their own retirement savings account. Having a 401(k), for example, at a job should not be the only receptacle for retirement funds. Advisers should encourage millennial clients to open a Roth IRA just to have it open and begin funding it as soon as they get their first job, starting good savings habits early.

Roth IRAs grow tax free. They are not only a source of retirement savings but can be tapped if needed earlier. The original Roth IRA contributions can always be withdrawn tax and penalty free at any time for any reason. That's not true for a 401(k) or a traditional IRA.

Younger people tend to change jobs more often and that usually means a 401(k) at the former company needs a place to go. An IRA is that place. The funds can be rolled over (or converted to a Roth IRA) at that time. Employees with lower 401(k) balances tend to cash them out rather than roll them over. That's a mistake. That causes an extra tax and a 10% early distribution penalty and they are left with no retirement account from that job. Even a smaller amount should be retained in an IRA (or Roth IRA) so it can keep growing for retirement. As advisers know, it really does add up if given time to grow, and millennials have the time to capitalize on this. But they need guidance and direction from advisers to stay on course.

Another common millennial IRA mistake is contributing to a traditional IRA instead of a Roth IRA just to get the tax deduction. It's not worth it. It will cost them later, as those funds build tax-deferred, as opposed to tax-free in a Roth IRA. Giving up the early tax deduction is an insignificant price to pay to have a tax-free retirement account.

Probably the biggest mistake young people make is being too eager to use their IRA funds well before retirement. Advisers need to remind these clients that retirement funds are sacred. They should be a last resort when money is needed. I see young couples all the time, especially when trying to buy a home or invest in a business, or even buying a car or furniture, eyeing their retirement savings as a source of money. That's a mistake and makes for a bad habit. Once people start raiding their retirement savings for non-retirement expenses, it begins a cycle of draining the most important money they have. Yes, retirement funds can double as an emergency fund. But if you go to that well too often, you'll need an emergency fund for your emergency fund.

Millennial IRA clients need you now, and they are clients with whom you can grow your business. Start now by opening IRAs for them by April 15 for last year, and then add to it for this year.

Ed Slott, a certified public accountant, created the IRA Leadership Program and Ed Slott's Elite IRA Advisor Group. He can be reached at


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