President Donald J. Trump on Thursday signed into law a resolution that nullifies Obama-era retirement rules meant to encourage cities and other municipalities to develop auto-IRA programs for private-sector workers.
The regulation, issued by the Department of Labor a month before Mr. Trump took office in January, was meant to ease liability concerns among cities when creating automatic-enrollment, payroll-deduction individual retirement account programs to be offered through the workplace.
Cities such as New York, Philadelphia and Seattle have expressed interest in developing auto-IRAs as a way to help close the gap in retirement plan coverage that exists primarily among small businesses, which are less likely than large employers to offer a 401(k) or similar retirement plan.
The rule, called "Savings Arrangements Established by Qualified State Political Subdivisions for Non-Governmental Employees," offered a safe harbor for qualifying municipalities that would exempt their programs from federal retirement law, the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, if they met certain conditions.
The DOL issued a similar rule governing state auto-IRAs in August. The House passed a resolution to kill this rule as well, but the Senate hasn't yet voted on it.
Five states have passed legislation to set up auto-IRAs, and several others are considering doing the same. Observers expect this push will slow if Mr. Trump ultimately nullifies the DOL's state rule as well.
The resolutions of disapproval were promulgated under the Congressional Review Act, which provides lawmakers a window of 60 legislative days to vote to halt regulations. Such resolutions only require a simple majority to pass and aren't subject to filibuster.
Mr. Trump has now signed at least five bills under the CRA to cancel Obama-era regulations. Only one successful CRA challenge to a regulation had occurred prior to the Trump administration taking office, under President George W. Bush in 2001.
If the resolution regarding state auto-IRA rules also makes its way to the president's desk, advisers have signaled they will recommend he sign it into law.
That position, however, runs counter to one expressed by an adviser to Mr. Trump when he was campaigning for the presidency.
"[Mr.]Trump believes any states that want to set up their own auto-IRAs have every right to do so, and he doesn't want to interfere with their initiatives," Ms. Furchtgott-Roth, a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute, a conservative think tank, said at a Politico/AARP panel in October.