Trump's tax blueprint opaque on fate of deferrals for retirement savings

Be glad we've got something to chew on, but don't cheer too loudly, too quickly

Sep 30, 2017 @ 12:06 am

A faint cheercould be heard all over the nation from financial advisers who structure their businesses as pass-through entities when the Republican tax-reform framework was released last Wednesday. For the highest-income advisers, it would mean the taxes on their income would drop from a marginal tax rate of 39.6% to 25%. That certainly is reason to cheer.

But don't get too excited, too fast.

Many questions remain, and a whole lot of negotiating is yet to come. For one thing, we still don't know how the committees who will be slicing and dicing this framework into an actual bill will decide to "pay for" these cuts. An early estimate from the nonpartisan Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget — based on the scant blueprint — pins its cost at $2.2 trillion over 10 years ($2.7 trillion including interest costs, or 101% of GDP). Senate Republicans included a $1.5 trillion tax cut into their recent budget, and are relying on economic growth to cover it, while some in the House want any deficit impact to be neutral.

So there's a gap that lawmakers will certainly look to close, and that's what has the InvestmentNews editorial board concerned.

One source of alarm for the advice industry before the framework came out was the seemingly growing attention by lawmakers to the "cost" of individuals deferring a portion of their income pre-tax into retirement accounts.

Incentives for such retirement savings cost the government $158 billion in revenue in 2015, according to the Tax Policy Center.

Language in last Wednesday's framework around retirement savings (lumped in with work and higher-education benefits) included the goal to "simplify these benefits to improve their efficiency and effectiveness." That could mean very different things in the hands of the many different legislators who will be hammering out a deal that must consider revenues.

While InvestmentNews senior reporter Mark Schoeff Jr.'s story last week on potential Rothification of retirement accounts (requiring individuals to pay taxes up front) indicated legislators may be moving away from this tactic, many in the industry are not letting up the pressure to keep this critical incentive to save for retirement. Middle-income people in particular need to see "payback" in the form of a lower overall tax bill to encourage any significant allocation that dips into their take-home pay. Roths just don't cut it for everyone, especially if we add the very real impact of incentivized behavioral finance into the equation.

Mixed bag

The rest of the plan is a mixed bag of proposed changes that will likely benefit or pinch many of your wealthier clients. An alternative minimum tax repeal would be very welcome to many, whereas the repeal of the state and local tax deduction would hit folks in this demographic hard. A doubling of the standard deduction sounds promising, but the framework also repeals the highly valuable personal and dependent exemptions.

The blueprint proposes cutting the top individual income tax rate to 35%, but doesn't say which income levels would fit into the three new brackets. And it leaves the door open for Congress to decide whether to create a higher bracket for top income earners.

The framework seeks to kill the estate and generation-skipping tax, but doesn't say a thing about tax basis at death — or mention reform plans for capital gains taxes.

Any changes will be detailed in the coming tax bills, and surely they will look very different than the nine-page primer unveiled last week. Even one of the Big Six members who helped put the framework together, Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, said his Senate Finance Committee would not be a "rubber stamp" for anyone.

So, be glad we've got something to chew on, but don't cheer too loudly, too quickly. Stay informed as the process unfolds and we get closer to knowing how any reforms will affect real people's wealth, so you can be an engaged citizen and the informed adviser your clients depend on.


What do you think?

View comments

Recommended for you

Upcoming Event

Jul 10


Women Adviser Summit

The InvestmentNews Women Adviser Summit, a one-day workshop now held in four cities due to popular demand, is uniquely designed for the sophisticated female adviser who wants to take her personal and professional self to the next level.... Learn more

Latest news & opinion

Piwowar defends SEC's best-interest rule

SEC commissioner says the Department of Labor rule set up an 'unworkable, impossible set of standards for people to comply with.'

Focus Financial files for an IPO valued at $100 million

The RIA aggregator, founded by CEO Ruediger 'Rudy' Adolf (above), has partnered with more than 50 registered investment adviser firms.

RIA in a Box acquired by private equity firm Aquiline Capital

New owners plan more growth for the software service provider.

IBDs with the most female reps

Here are the 10 independent-broker dealers that have the most female reps.

Supreme Court decision likely to prevent brokers from filing class-action lawsuits

However, it likely won't bar employees from filing 401(k) lawsuits against their employers.


Hi! Glad you're here and we hope you like all the great work we do here at InvestmentNews. But what we do is expensive and is funded in part by our sponsors. So won't you show our sponsors a little love by whitelisting investmentnews.com? It'll help us continue to serve you.

Yes, show me how to whitelist investmentnews.com

Ad blocker detected. Please whitelist us or give premium a try.


Subscribe and Save 60%

Premium Access
Print + Digital

Learn more
Subscribe to Print