PHILADELPHIA — A couple of exchange traded securities are doing something that is catching many people off guard — trading at unusually wide spreads to net asset value.
As of Wednesday, Claymore MACROshares Oil Up Tradable Shares (UCR) were trading at a 6.22% premium to NAV, and Claymore MACROshares Oil Down Tradable Shares (DCR) were trading at a discount to NAV of 5.40%.
The products, which together have just over $48 million in total net assets, are a venture between MacroMarkets LLC in Madison, N.J., and Claymore Securities Inc. of Lisle, Ill.
“That’s extraordinarily unusual,” Gary Gastineau, managing director of ETF Consultants LLC in Summit, N.J., said of the spreads to NAV.
Although MACROshares aren’t exchange traded funds — they actually are trusts — they are expected to perform in much the same way as ETFs.
There are many other exchange traded trusts — often mistaken for ETFs — that haven’t had problems, said Russell Wild, founder of Global Portfolios, an advisory firm in Allentown, Pa.
Spreads to NAV have been no more than “a few basis points,” said Mr. Wild, author of “Exchange-Traded Funds For Dummies” (John Wiley & Sons, 2006).
But given the direction the industry has been heading — offering up more complicated, niche-oriented products — it was only a matter of time before something like this happened, according to some industry experts.
The exchange traded securities industry is in the midst of an “explosion” of new products, according to Jim King, a wealth manager with Balasa Dinverno & Foltz LLC in Itasca, Ill.
There were 156 exchange traded products introduced last year, bringing the total number to 359, according to State Street Global Advisors of Boston.
“It’s exciting but scary, too,” Mr. King said.
It’s scary because financial advisers don’t want to have to deal with premiums and discounts — typically an issue with less popular closed-end funds, which require a certain level of sophistication.
An adviser could take advantage of a security trading at a discount, buying it for less than it’s worth. But when it comes to buying a security trading at a premium, it’s “caveat emptor,” said Herb Blank, founder and president of QED International Associates Inc., an industry consulting firm in New York.
The adviser actually will be buying the security for more than it’s worth.
“I wouldn’t use [MACROshares], for that reason,” said Theodore J. Feight, president of Creative Financial Design, a financial advisory firm in Lansing, Mich.
It’s just another thing advisers would have to explain to their clients, he said.
But Claymore insists that even through MACROshares are trading at relatively wide spreads, they still are a great way for investors to get access to markets such as oil, said Greg Drake, a managing director with Claymore.
While he admits that the MACRO- shares are trading at relatively wide spreads, their NAVs are a very accurate reflection of the reference prices to which they are pegged. The reason they are trading at wide spreads has to do with current market conditions and the structure of the products, Mr. Drake said.
The oil futures market is currently in “contango” — a condition in which distant delivery for futures exceeds spot prices.
Other exchange traded oil products factor in the contango, and as a result, their market price tracks their NAV more closely, Mr. Drake said. That NAV, however, may not be the most accurate reflection of the real price of oil, he noted.
MACROshares are different. They must be issued in pairs. An “up” MACROshare will invest in Treasuries and enter into multiple forward contracts and a swap agreement with its paired “down” MACROshare.
The result is a constant shifting of Treasuries back and forth between the two in an attempt to mimic the percentage changes in an underlying benchmark.
“There’s nothing that we’d love more than to track extremely close to NAV, but we also understand that because of the structure, that may not always be a reality,” Mr. Drake said.
Contango, however, is only part of the problem.
Some industry experts suggest that the specialist tapped to ensure markets for MACROshares — Bear Hunter Structured Products LLC in New York, a unit of Bear Stearns & Co. Inc. — could have done a better job supporting the products.
“That’s been part of our focus” into why the products are trading at such wide spreads to NAV, admitted Mr. Drake.
Bear Hunter did not return calls for comment.
Critics of MACROshares said they aren’t happy with Claymore’s explanation.
“They have to be able to think these things through,” said David Fry, the Carson City, Nev.-based publisher of ETF Digest, an independent online investment newsletter.
The company needs to do a better job of “querying” the specialist about their ability to handle matters such as contango when they occur, said Mr. Fry, a former MACROshares investor, who said he won’t invest in the products until Claymore irons out their problems.
That may be a long time. At least during periods of contango, Mr. Drake said, premiums and discounts might be persistent.
It’s a good example of why the exchange traded securities industry needs to do a better job of making the differences between such products and ETFs plain, Mr. Blank said.
“To make sure that people understand the difference between ETFs and other vehicles, they should be made to understand what they are holding,” he added.