Lower-earning investors' access to investment advice could be curtailed if federal regulators extend fiduciary duty to broker-dealers, according to a major B-D industry organization.
The National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors released a survey today showing that the so-called “middle market” — those earning less than $100,000 annually — would suffer because of the fiduciary requirement's heightened legal liability. That added exposure, NAIFA found, would drive up compliance costs and in turn lead registered representatives to pursue more-lucrative clients.
According to the poll of NAIFA members, if compliance costs went up 15%, then 65% of the respondents would be forced to limit their practice to affluent clients, not offer securities or simply increase their fees.
The survey, which was conducted by LIMRA, also shows that 58% of NAIFA members' clients have household income of $99,000 or less.
A related survey of 1,008 consumers showed that more than half of people with income between $50,000 and $99,000 who use a financial adviser have less than $50,000 invested. Only 17% said that they could invest more than $250 per month.
Investment advice for people in the middle-market category would diminish under a universal fiduciary duty, as broker-dealers, who charge commissions on transactions, would be forced to seek more fee-based clients, said Terry Headley, NAIFA's president. Such clients typically generate larger profits for reps, which would help advisers cover rising registration and compliance costs.
“It means that our selling point and entry into the marketplace is going to have to move to higher levels,” Mr. Headley said. “Our members service a vastly underserved middle-income market. We're concerned about this kind of race to the top [for affluent clients].”
Mr. Headley was in Washington on Friday to meet with officials at the Securities and Exchange Commission. The SEC is conducting a study of the differences in regulations governing investment advisers, who must meet a fiduciary standard of care, and broker dealers, who are held to a less stringent suitability rule.
Advocates of a fiduciary standard say it provides stronger protection than suitability, which merely requires that financial products meet the needs, timelines and risk appetites of clients.
The SEC report, due to Congress on Jan. 21, is mandated by the Dodd-Frank financial reform law, which also gives the agency the option of promulgating a rule that imposes a universal standard of care for retail investment advice.
As it puts together the report, Mr. Headley said, the SEC is listening to NAIFA, which comprises 200,000 agents and their associates, whose practices center on insurance, annuities, investments and financial advice.
The agency also is hearing from fiduciary proponents, however, many of whom question the argument that the standard poses a threat to the way that broker dealers do business.
“The claims that fiduciary duty will bankrupt anybody, that it's an unworkable model, are hyperbole,” said David Tittsworth, executive director of the Investment Adviser Association. He noted that his organization includes investment advisory firms of all sizes and client profiles.
“They're living and thriving under a fiduciary duty,” Mr. Tittsworth said.
Mr. Headley's firm, Headley Financial Group, offers both investment adviser and broker-dealer services. He said that the scope of its operations helps it pay compliance bills.
“The way that works in our practice is, we just absorb those costs,” Mr. Headley said. “They're spread over the insurance business we do. It's also spread over our registered-representative activities and our investment adviser activities.”
Other NAIFA members might not have the same wherewithal to address fiduciary-duty costs, which Mr. Headley said would be layered on top of the costs of meeting the suitability standard. The NAIFA survey showed that its members who sell securities spend 525 hours and almost $9,000 annually on compliance.
NAIFA officials stress that their leeriness about fiduciary duty is related to its legal liability. They said that NAIFA members already follow the fiduciary philosophy — acting in the best interests of their customers.
“It's not going to change how they interact with their clients,” said Jill Hoffman, NAIFA's assistant vice president for federal government relations. “It's not the concept of [fiduciary duty]; it's what legal implications flow with it.”