DOL faces tough road in revising or repealing fiduciary rule

Any significant changes would likely spur a lawsuit, and the courts have been tougher on regulators when they reverse course on rules after a new president comes into office

Apr 13, 2017 @ 2:08 pm

By Mark Schoeff Jr.

As the Department of Labor begins to review its fiduciary duty regulation, it faces a daunting road ahead to modify or repeal the measure.

If the agency makes changes — as the Feb. 3 directive from President Donald J. Trump seems to foreshadow — it could generate lawsuits from proponents. But the DOL will not get the same benefit of the doubt from the courts in that round of lawsuits that it has in current litigation brought by opponents of the rule.

The DOL has been undefeated so far in court defending the rule in part due to something known as Chevron deference. That principle arose out of a 1984 Supreme Court case, Chevron U.S.A. Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council Inc., in which the court ruled that the Environmental Protection Agency's interpretation of the Clean Air Act was "entitled to deference." Since then, courts have given agencies the leeway to enforce their own regulations if there's any ambiguity surrounding them.

But the courts have been tougher on regulators when they change their mind on rules after a new presidential administration comes into office.

At the beginning of President Ronald Reagan's administration, the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration tried to scrap a rule from the Jimmy Carter administration requiring passive restraints, such as automatic seat belts or airbags, in vehicles. In Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association v. State Farm Insurance, the Supreme Court ruled that the action was "arbitrary and capricious." The court held that NHTSA failed to prove that taking the regulation off the books was necessary.

"An agency changing its course by rescinding a rule is obligated to supply a reasoned analysis for the change beyond that which may be required when an agency does not act in the first instance," the court wrote in its opinion.

The next few months could be arduous for the Trump Labor Department.

"It is a difficult exercise to make a substantial change in a rule that an agency has adopted," said Robert Plaze, a partner at Proskauer Rose and a former Securities and Exchange Commission official.

Adding to the DOL burden is its accelerated time line. It says it will reassess in a few months a rule that took six years to finalize — and do so, for the time being, without leadership at the top. Mr. Trump's nominee for DOL secretary, Alexander Acosta, awaits a Senate confirmation vote.

"The deck is really stacked against the DOL," said Erin Sweeney, a member at Miller & Chevalier and a former DOL senior benefits law specialist. "You've got to get [a review] done quicker and to a higher standard and with gaps in leadership. It's a recipe for disaster for them."

Seeking to extend the delay would be a challenge because the DOL used the same cost study in the delay rule as it did in the final rule last year, according to Joshua Lichtenstein, an associate at Ropes & Gray.

In the rule seeking a 60-day delay, the DOL said pushing back the implementation date would cost investors $147 million over one year and $890 million over 10 years.

"It would be difficult to get another delay," Mr. Lichtenstein said. "A 180-day delay would have gotten into billions of dollars."

In the end, the rule may come out less scathed than anticipated — something advisory firms should keep in mind.

"Use this extra time to make sure you're ready to comply," Mr. Lichtenstein said.

0
Comments

What do you think?

View comments

Recommended for you

Featured video

INTV

Why a #MeToo story about the financial advice industry was important to do

Reporter Greg Iacurci and editorial director Fred Gabriel discuss the survey behind our cover story on sexual harassment in the workplace.

Video Spotlight

We started as a boutique firm with huge ambitions. Schwab was a perfect fit.

Sponsored by Schwab Advisor Services

Recommended Video

Keys to a successful deal

Latest news & opinion

10 millennials making their mark in Washington — and beyond

These next-generation leaders are raising their voices and gaining influence over financial advice regulation and legislation.

Warburg Pincus among private equity managers interested in acquiring Kestra Financial

Sources say Kestra is being valued at between $600 million and $800 million, about eight to 10 times EBITDA.

10 highest paid professions in America today

These are the top-paying jobs in the U.S., according to Glassdoor.

Former Merrill Lynch star broker Thomas Buck sentenced to 40 months in prison

He pleaded guilty to securities fraud in 2017; charged clients excessive commissions.

Rules for claiming Social Security at 70

Some individuals' benefits will begin automatically; others have to take action.

X

Hi! Glad you're here and we hope you like all the great work we do here at InvestmentNews. But what we do is expensive and is funded in part by our sponsors. So won't you show our sponsors a little love by whitelisting investmentnews.com? It'll help us continue to serve you.

Yes, show me how to whitelist investmentnews.com

Ad blocker detected. Please whitelist us or give premium a try.

X

Subscribe and Save 60%

Premium Access
Print + Digital

Learn more
Subscribe to Print