The Securities and Exchange Commission has relaxed enforcement under the administration of President Donald J. Trump.
In a report the agency released Wednesday evening, the SEC stated that in fiscal year 2017 it pursued 82 standalone cases against investment advisers and firms, down from 98 the previous year. These exclude follow-up proceedings or cases based on delinquent regulatory filings.
In total, the SEC filed 754 enforcement actions in fiscal year 2017, filing 114 fewer cases than it did in 2016. Last year, the SEC filed a record number of total enforcement actions across its purview — 868 — and collected more than $4 billion in disgorgement and penalties.
This fiscal year, all told, parties involved in cases were ordered to pay a total of $3.8 billion in disgorgement and penalties. The total money collected by the SEC decreased nearly $300 million from the previous year.
The agency attributed the decline to 84 actions brought in 2016 as part of the Municipalities Continuing Disclosure Cooperation initiative, a self-reporting program targeted to misstatements and omissions in municipal bond offerings.
In the report, Stephanie Avakian and Steven Peikin, co-directors of the SEC's enforcement division, laid out five core principles they said would guide decision-making behind their approach to enforcement. The agency would focus on protecting the long-term interests of retail investors; pursuing individual wrongdoers; keeping pace with technological change; imposing sanctions on a case-by-case basis rather than a "formulaic or statistics-oriented approach;" and constantly assessing the division's allocation of resources.
"We do not face a binary choice between protecting Main Street and policing Wall Street," Ms. Avakian and Mr. Peikin wrote in the report. "Simply stated, our oversight of Wall Street is most effective, and protects those who need it most, when viewed through a lens focused on retail investors."
The agency's Retail Strategy Task Force, focused on the type of misconduct that often targets retail investors, aims to use technology and data analytics to identify large-scale wrongdoing. Established in late September, the retail task force won't pursue cases itself but will advise its enforcement colleagues about where to focus their efforts.