Earlier this year, I spoke in Australia at Real Women Global, a women's empowerment organization, about my experience as a woman in the financial services industry. During my travels, I met fellow certified financial planner professionals from many major regions in Australia. Although we share many similarities, I discovered real cultural distinctions in how Australians save and invest, and how women find their way in the world of finance.
FINANCIAL PLANNING DIFFERENCES
Much like their American counterparts, Australian advisers focus on goal-setting and retirement. In Brisbane, I found women who echo the financial life management ethos increasingly adopted by forward-looking advisers in the U.S. Called "goals coaches," they focus on making clients feel safe and comfortable with engaging in financial planning.
These "soft skills" prove to be increasingly relevant in our industry. As fintech advances automate more asset management activity, it is incumbent on advisers to show their value by helping clients with big-picture goals and problems. I would love to see more Australian-style goals coaches here in the U.S.
The CFP certification is a mark of distinction in Australia as it is in America (CFPs are recognized in 26 countries across the globe, according to the Financial Planning Association of Australia). There are about 5,500 CFP professionals in Australia's population of 23 million, proportional to the approximately 79,000 or so CFP professionals who serve the 319 million people in the U.S., according to the CFP Board.
Our money cultures diverge in Australia's higher relative standard of living and superannuation, a retirement vehicle with stronger governmental support. Every employer must contribute a minimum of 9.5% of an employee's wages for retirement. An average Australian can expect about 20 years of retirement based on employer contributions to their superannuation. A large amount of Australian's net worth is in their homes, while their health insurance costs are generally lower.
• Most financial planners in Australia make a significant portion of their revenue on mortgages. Their interest rates on CD term deposits are extremely high at about 2%-3%, compared to U.S. CDs, which earn less than 1%.
• Australians have a high standard of living — in 2016, annual earnings were approximately $78,832 a year in U.S. dollars. If overtime and bonuses are included, it's $81,947 per year, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
• Their minimum wage is one of the highest, at $18.29 an hour in Australian dollars, according to the Australian government's Fair Work Commission, which comes to around $14.30 in U.S. dollars.
• Advisers counsel clients in debt, which means they can work with anyone. They work a lot on cash flow because most people have money in their superannuation and in their home.
• Australians spend much less for insurance than we do — approximately $300 a month for a family plan. Most hospital visits cost more out of pocket. A two-day hospital stay and operation generally costs $20,000.
• Long-term-care insurance does not exist. In my conversations with advisers, they could not believe we even had that as an option in the States. They shared stories of many people having to sell the family house and deplete their assets to pay for nursing home care for an older member of the family.
• Australian advisers have to have their clients re-sign an agreement to work with them each and every year.
SUPERANNUATION VERSUS 401(K)S
As I am accustomed to dealing with American 401(k)s, the more robust contributions to Australian superannuations surprised me. Employees can make voluntary contributions (though the Australian Uber drivers I met did not), but employers are generally obliged to put away 9.5% for every employee. This figure is expected to go up to 12% in 2019.
Australia does offer an old-age pension, comparable to the U.S.'s Social Security, if you have less than $400,000 in your superannuation.
Australia wants every resident to have a "comfortable" retirement, which equates to approximately $66,000 a year. Workers are paid so much that in the middle of the 2017 Australian Open finals, as Roger Federer played against Rafael Nadal, they shut down the concession stands. I could not believe my eyes. I was told they were done for the day, and that it was cheaper to shut down than continue to pay the workers.
FAST-RISING REAL ESTATE
Australia's housing market is heating up, like the U.S.'s. There's been a recent surge in Australian house prices, thanks in part to an increasing number of foreign homebuyers, who accounted for more than 20% of property purchases each year, according to the Sydney Morning Herald.
All real estate transactions in Australia are done by auction, rather than a regular sale. While the recent influx in real estate is noticeable, the debt ratio is very high. The average price of a home is $600,000, so most have to be leveraged. Prospective homeowners borrow four times their salary for a home, according to Canstar, Australia's biggest financial comparison site.
Housing prices in Australia's two biggest capital cities, Sydney and Melbourne, are between 25% and 30% overvalued, according to ABC News Online. The 2008 global financial crash only temporarily halted the climb of Australian housing costs, compared to some markets in the U.S., like Florida and Nevada, where prices dropped as much as 40%.
WOMEN FACE TOUGH CHOICES
At Real Women Global, I was asked whether I have children. When I told them about my grown stepson, most of the attendees said there was no way I could have had my career and had children. In Australia, they said, women have to make a choice because they can't afford nannies, a luxury reserved for the wealthy. In Australia, it is either high-powered careers or kids.
Australian women, like those in the U.S., lack easy access to highly credentialed female advisers. I was curious to learn how many women were CFPs, but couldn't get statistics. But there are estimates that 20% of Australian CFPs are women. About 23% of U.S. CFPs are women, and that percentage has gone unchanged for the last decade, according to The Wall Street Journal.
Australians do not generally practice a "Take Your Daughter to Work Day," nor do they have a variety of strong female voices in personal finance. The women I met reacted with surprise when I told them to take ownership of their own financial future. While they told me they loved credit cards, most of the women I spoke with didn't have them.
MORE UNITES US THAN DIVIDES US
While Australian investors enjoy real advantages and face distinct challenges compared to their U.S. counterparts, their motivations are universal. They want to be free from debt and money worries. They want to give back to the world around them and live better lives. They want to make sure their families are OK.
I believe that we should never pass up an opportunity to see financial planning through the lens of foreign cultures. We can celebrate and learn from our differences and build bridges through our similarities.
Cary Carbonaro is a managing director of United Capital of New York & New Jersey.