If ever there was a market ripe for ESG investments, it would seem to be the 529 college savings program, which turns 20 this year.
Even though most contributors to college savings plans are young parents who tend to be more conscious of environmental, social and corporate governance causes, the 529 plan market has yet to adjust to what is likely a healthy appetite for ESG products and strategies.
Paul Curley, director of college savings research at Strategic Insight, said only 10 states, plus Washington, D.C., offer even a single ESG fund on their 529 plan investment menus.
In those plans, just 2% of assets have been allocated to ESG funds.
To get a sense of the growth or lack thereof to date, the current number of states offering ESG funds is up from nine in 2013, when just 1% of assets were allocated to ESG funds.
But Mr. Curley believes the tide is slowly turning. He expects more states will soon make ESG options easier to access for those saving for college.
"Right now, the ESG offerings tend to be stand-alone options, while about half the assets in 529 plans are allocated to age-based strategies," Mr. Curley said. "But the investment lineups are becoming more diverse, and the industry recognizes and realizes the target market and demographic is shifting."
One sign of the shifting dynamics in the 529 space is a steady decline in adviser-sold plans as more savers do it themselves.
According to Mr. Curley, adviser-sold assets represented 43% of total 529 plan assets in 2018, down from 62% in 2003.